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Glossary of Transport and Logistics Terms

2.0 New Generations of Technology

Definition: Refers to advanced and innovative technologies in the field of transport and logistics.

Ad Valorem

Definition: Insurance term designating coverage based on the actual value of the merchandise.


Definition: Professional acting as an intermediary between the shipper and the carrier, optimizing the cost and method of transport.

Attestation de Capacité Transport

Definition: Certification required for road hauliers with vehicles up to 3.5 tons.

Freight Exchange

Definition: online platform facilitating contact between logistics service providers, forwarding agents and carriers.


Definition: Temporary authorization for European carriers to operate in France.


Definition: Transport of goods by truck by professionals.

Useful load

Definition: Weight of goods transported, excluding container or trailer.


Definition: All goods transported on a single trip.


Definition: Legal term in maritime transport referring to the person responsible for loading goods.


Definition: Convention governing the contract for the international carriage of goods by road.

Customs agent

Definition: Professional managing customs formalities on behalf of others.

Freight forwarder

Definition: Intermediary organizing the transit of goods from one point to another.


Definition: Closed, watertight storage unit used in road and sea transport.

Contract of Carriage

Definition: Legal document establishing the terms of carriage of goods between the carrier and its customer.

Customs duty

Definition: Tax imposed on imported goods at border crossings.


Definition: Process of removing goods from their mode of transport at destination.

Carbon footprint

Definition: Measurement of the environmental impact of an activity, particularly in terms of greenhouse gas emissions.


Definition: Transfer of a company's activities to an external service provider.


Definition: Transport of goods by rail.


Definition: All goods intended for transport.


Definition: Combined shipment of goods from different shippers or to different consignees by a single carrier.

Loading tailgate

Definition: Platform lift located at the rear of a truck.


Definition: International rules defining the responsibilities of parties in international and national commercial transactions.

Lettre de Voiture

Definition: Document issued by the carrier detailing instructions and details of the shipment.

Hazardous Materials

Definition: Goods presenting risks due to their physical or chemical properties.


Definition: Fast transport service for light consignments, usually delivered in less than 48 hours.


Definition: Freight transport combining several modes of transport.


Definition: Tray, often made of wood, used for handling and transporting goods.

Loading plan

Definition: Optimal organization of goods to be transported.

Load Break

Definition: Transfer of goods from one mode of transport to another.


Definition: Type of trailer supported at the rear by its own axles and attached to a towing vehicle.


Definition: Quantity of goods held in reserve.

Supply Chain

Definition: Process from order to delivery of goods, including the purchase and processing of raw materials.


Definition: A situation where the weight of a vehicle exceeds the authorized limit.

Axle tax

Definition: Tax applied to heavy goods vehicles travelling in France, replacing the TSVR since 20/01/2021.


Definition: Set of information enabling detailed tracking of goods.

Forwarding agent

Definition: Company organizing the transport of goods on behalf of a shipper or consignee.

Combined Transport

Definition: Logistics solution combining different means of transport to reduce the use of road haulage.

Transport Express

Definition: Rapid transport service for urgent deliveries.

TRM (Transport Routier de Marchandises)

Definition: Transport of goods by road.